ALLIED HEALTH SCIENCES

B.Sc Operation Theater & Anesthesia Technology

History / Background

Surgical Practice in India as a science has been recorded in history as far as back as 600 BC (150 years before Hippocrates), when Sushruta – the famed Indian Surgeon is said to have performed complex surgeries on humans.

With the advent of asepsis and anesthesia techniques, modern surgical practice has come a long way in India. According to WHO estimates, there are 954 surgical procedures being done in India for every 100,000 population. By this estimate, the surgical field in India is still vastly under-utilized as the comparative figures in 2910 /100,000 population in China and 6168 / 100,000 population in Brazil.

Government-sponsored Health Insurance Programmes like the CM’s Comprehenive Health Insurance Scheme in Tamil Nadu and Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) in the rest of the country provide coverage for surgeries in private hospitals. With this, the number of surgical procedures done across the country has increased significantly. According to data from the National Health Mission, the number of major surgeries increased to 979 % in Maharashtra, 470 % in Karnataka and 400 % in Bihar since 2009.

With expansion in health services in general and surgical care in particular, there is a burgeoning demand for trained technologists to provide support to surgeons & anesthetists in hospital operation theaters both in the private and government sector.

The first successful surgical procedure performed with Anesthesia was in 1846 at Massachusetts General Hospital. The introduction of Anesthesia has revolutionized modern Surgery. But, administration of Anesthesia requires a great deal of skill & practice. Trained personnel in the field of Anesthesia to assist the Anesthetists in the operation theater are in great demand and this demand is only likely to increase in the coming years.

Description

Operation Theater and Anesthesia Technologists is an allied health professional who assits the surgeon and anesthetist in the operation theater with the surgical procedure. Working under the direction of the surgeon and anesthetist, the OT Technologist is a vital member of the surgical team. The task of the OT & Anesthesia Technologist consists of:

  • Preparing the Operating Theatre & equipment required to perform surgery.
  • Work closely with the Surgeon and assist him in the surgical procedure.
  • Assisting the Anesthetist in the acquisition, preparation, and application of various types of equipment required for the delivery of anesthesia care.
  • Preparing and assisting in the delivery of Anesthetic medication in the right dosages to the patient.
  • Overseeing the smooth functioning of clinical equipment used during surgery and post- operative care.
  • Explaining procedures, observing and positioning patients, and using protection devices to ensure safety and comfort during treatment.

Scope / Opportunities

According to WHO estimates, there are 954 surgical procedures being done in India for every 100,000 population. By this estimate, the surgical field in India is still vastly under-utilized as the comparative figures in 2910 /100,000 population in China and 6168 / 100,000 population in Brazil.

Government-sponsored Health Insurance Programmes like the CM’s Comprehenive Health Insurance Scheme in Tamil Nadu and Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) in the rest of the country provide coverage for surgeries in private hospitals. With this, the number of surgical procedures done across the country has increased significantly. According to data from the National Health Mission, the number of major surgeries increased to 979 % in Maharashtra, 470 % in Karnataka and 400 % in Bihar since 2009.

With expansion in health services in general and surgical care in particular, there is a burgeoning demand for trained technologists to provide support to surgeons & anesthetists in hospital operation theaters both in the private and government sector.

The first successful surgical procedure performed with Anesthesia was in 1846 at Massachusetts General Hospital. The introduction of Anesthesia has revolutionized modern Surgery. But, administration of Anesthesia requires a great deal of skill & practice. Trained personnel in the field of Anesthesia to assist the Anesthetists in the operation theater are in great demand and this demand is only likely to increase in the coming years.

Operation Theater & Anesthesia Technologist are being deployed in various surgical specialties like:

General Surgery,Surgical Gastroenterology, Neurosurgery, Plastic Surgery Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, ENT Surgery, Obstetrics & Gynecology and Orthopedic Surgery.

Operation Theater Technologists are currently employed in major hospitals in the country like Narayana Hrudalaya (Bengaluru), Madras Medical Mission (Chennai), Global Hospitals (Chennai), Medanta Hospitals (Gurgaon) etc.

Curriculum

The curriculum covers instruction in: Applied Anatomy and Physiology, Clinical Pharmacology, Clinical Microbiology, Medical Ethics, Anaesthetic Equipment, Procedures & Techniques, CSSD Procedures, Intensive care, Patient Care and Monitoring.

Course Duration

3 years + 1 year of Internship

Eligibility

Pass in + 2 with 40 % minimum marks in Physics, Chemistry & Biology.

Selection Procedure

Applicants will be short-listed and successful candidates invited for a personal interview. Selection of candidates will be based on +2 marks and performance in the personal interview.